A web attack is a way to exploit vulnerabilities on the website or in part of it. The attacks could involve the website’s content, web application or server. Websites offer many opportunities for attackers to gain unauthorised access, gain confidential information, or to introduce malicious content.

Attackers look for weaknesses in the structure or content of a website to obtain data, gain control of it, or hurt users. The most frequent attacks are brute force attacks (XSS) or attacks on file uploads, and cross-site scripting. Other attacks are possible through social engineering, like phishing, or malware attacks such as ransomware trojans, worms or spyware.

The most frequent website attacks are targeted at the web application, which is comprised of the hardware and software that websites use to display information to visitors. Hackers are able to attack websites through flaws. These include SQL injection, cross-site request forgery, and reflection-based XSS.

SQL injection attacks exploit the databases that web applications use to store and distribute content. These attacks could expose sensitive data, such as passwords, account logins, and credit card numbers.

Cross-site scripting attacks use flaws in the code of websites to display unauthorised text or images, hijack session information, and redirect users to phishing websites. Reflective XSS allows an attacker execute an arbitrary program.

A man-in-the middle attack occurs when an external party interferes with the communications between you and your web server. The third party can modify messages, spoof certificate and alter DNS responses, and so on. This is a method to influence online activities.


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